When many of us Norwegian-Americans view the citizenship records of our immigrant grandparents for the first time, we're surprised to see that our relative had to renounce loyalty to the King of Sweden when applying for citizenship. This month marks the 100th anniversary of the declaration of full Norwegian sovereignty from Sweden, which had governed Norway since the Treaty of Kiel in January 1814. For nearly 300 years before than, from 1536-1814, it was governed by Denmark.
So congratulations for 100 years of independence to our friends and relatives in Norway! --Dennis